Six Types of Love
In a written guide titled Colors of Love (1973), J. A. Lee defined six kinds of relationship that would be labeled love.
Eros is intimate, passionate, love–what Tennov labeled limerence. In this particular relationship, love is life’s many important things. Lee stated a seek out real beauty or a perfect type additionally typifies this kind of love.
Ludus is just a game-playing or uncommitted love. Lying is component for the game. Someone who pursues ludic love may have numerous conquests but remains uncommitted.
Storge (STORE-gay) is just a sluggish developing, friendship-based love. People who have this sort of love prefer to together participate in activities. Lee stated that storge leads to a long- term relationship by which intercourse may not be extremely intense or passionate.
Pragma is just a pragmatic, practical, mutually useful relationship. It might be significantly unromantic and it is often called “shopping list” love must be partner is chosen on such basis as a number of characteristics or demands. Intercourse will be regarded as a technical matter, necessary for producing kids, if they’re desired.
Mania is an obsessive or possessive love, jealous and extreme. Someone in love this means will probably make a move crazy or ridiculous, such as for instance stalking. The movie Fatal Attraction ended up being concerning this kind.
Agape (a-GOP-aye) is all-giving love, maybe perhaps not focused on the self, just with the partner, or with individuals needing compassion. It is stated to be fairly unusual.
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) unearthed that Lee’s typology had been sustained by questionnaire research in 2 studies with 1 pop over to this site,807 and 567 respondents, correspondingly. “Six love design scales emerged obviously from element analysis” in both studies.
Just exactly What six several types of love did J. A. Lee define?
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) produced a prefer personality Scale to identify the six kinds of love through questionnaire reactions. It absolutely was utilized in all of the research that is later Lee’s love kinds. Check out sample questionnaire things:
- Eros: “My partner and I have actually the proper real chemistry I believe that my spouse and I had been meant for one another. Between us. ” “” “My partner fits my idea standard of real beauty/handsomeness. “
- Ludus: “We have often to help keep my partner from discovering about other fans. ” “I’m able to conquer love affairs pretty easily and quickly. ” “we enjoy playing the overall game of love with my partner and many other lovers. “
- Storge: “Our love could be the kind that is best given that it expanded away from a lengthy relationship. ” “Our love is actually a deep relationship, maybe not really a mystical, mystical feeling. “
- Pragma: “a consideration that is main selecting my partner had been exactly exactly how he/she would think about my loved ones. ” “a significant factor in selecting my partner ended up being whether he/she will be an excellent moms and dad. ” “One consideration in selecting my partner ended up being exactly exactly just how she or he would reflect on my job. “
- Mania: “When my partner will not look closely at me personally, i’m unwell all over. ” “if I suspect that my partner has been another person. Since we ahve held it’s place in love with my partner, we have had difficulty focusing on other things. ” “I cannot relax”
- Agape: “I would personally instead suffer myself than let my partner experience. ” “we can not be delighted unless we destination my partner’s joy before personal. ” “I would personally endure things with regard to my partner. “
Lee predicted guys would endorse Ludus with greater regularity. Initially that appeared to be verified, as Hendrick, Slapion-Foote, and Foote (1985) stated that males had been prone to show the type that is ludic of, while women had been more prone to be storgic or pragmatic.
But, Woll (1989) discovered that “the sole style that is loving revealed clear sex distinctions ended up being Eros, by which men scored notably more than females. ” Some other studies making use of the prefer personality Scale discovered no sex distinctions.
Exactly just What have researchers discovered, in studying Lee’s six forms of love?
Partners cheerfully married for more than three decades commonly identify aided by the Eros category. This may appear counter-intuitive if one equates eros with intimate attraction just, or with limerence.
Nonetheless, the enjoy personality Scale products for Eros emphasize passionate devotion more than intercourse. Maybe it isn’t astonishing that long-married, delighted partners would endorse statements like, “we have been intended for one another. “
A survey of 500 pupils in 2 of my basic therapy classes revealed that the initial five kinds had been familiar to over 80% associated with students from their very own relationships or individuals they knew. But, lower than 10percent of pupils knew a person who expressed agape.
Which kind of love had been minimum familiar to students within an basic therapy class?
Neto et al. (2000) reported research that is cross-cultural the adore personality Scale. The authors hypothesized that “factors involving strong personal emotions, such as for example mania, eros, and agape, could be mostly free from cultural distinctions” while “factors involving strict social guidelines. Such as for instance pragma, storge, and ludus, would be influenced by social influences. “
The authors surveyed 1,157 undergraduates, similarly split between gents and ladies, at universities in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Macao, Mozambique, Portugal, and Switzerland. The outcome supported their hypotheses.
Forms of love involving strong feelings that are personal comparable in most countries; “cross-cultural differences had been really moderate. ” But, pertaining to Pragma and Storge, “cross-cultural differences had been considerable. “
Angolans, Brazilians, Cape Verdians, and Mozambicans were more pragmatic than French and Swiss. The initial three of those nations additionally produced more storgic responses than French or Swiss. “there have been few differences when considering genders. “
Gana, Saada, and Untas (2013) had been interested in which love designs might correlate with marital satisfaction. They learned 146 couples that are heterosexual. “the outcomes revealed that among the list of love designs, just Eros contributed to satisfaction that is marital both women and men. “